The Civic Centre in
Braamfontein houses the City of Johannesburg metropolitan municipality
government. (Image: Media Club South Africa)
Local government in South Africa administers cities and smaller regions. These are
known as municipalities. There are three categories of municipality.
- defined as category A - govern the
major city regions.
, category C, are for wider areas outside
the cities, like counties in the US and UK.
Districts are further divided into local municipalities
Chapter 7 of the Constitution explains the different
Map of South Africa's municipalities.
Shaded areas indicate district municipalities, each subdivided into the local
municipalities they govern. The eight city or metropolitan municipalities are in
shades of red, and named. (Image adapted from Wikimedia Commons)
- Category A - Metropolitan: A municipality that has exclusive
municipal executive and legislative authority in its area.
- Category B - Local: A municipality that shares municipal
executive and legislative authority in its area with a category C municipality within
whose area it falls.
- Category C - District: A municipality that has municipal
executive and legislative authority in an area that includes more than one
The country has 278 municipalities: eight
metropolitan, 44 district and 226 local.
Metropoles have a choice between two types of government: the mayoral executive
system where the mayor has the authority, or the collective executive committee
Compiled by Mary Alexander and SouthAfrica.info reporter
Updated: 6 November 2015
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