History and heritage

21 monuments for 21 years of freedom

As South Africa marks 21 years of freedom in April, the country finds itself deep in conversation about issues of heritage and history – much of it sparked by the removal of the statue of Rhodes from UCT's campus. But there are many other monuments that pay homage to those who fought against oppression. Here is our list of 21 unforgettable heroes.

The statue of Mahatma Gandhi

South Africa remembers Chris Hani

The grave of Chris Hani, the assassinated leader of the South African Communist Party and chief of staff of Umkhonto we Sizwe‚ the armed wing of the African National Congress‚ is to be declared a heritage site as South Africa commemorates the 22nd anniversary of his death.

Eastern Cape at centre of Human Rights Month programme

The main official observance of Human Rights Month will take place in Eastern Cape, to mark the 30th anniversary of the Uitenhage Massacre. The theme this year is "Celebrating the Freedom Charter, Enjoying Equal Human Rights for All".

Charlotte Maxeke's home to become a museum

The Kliptown home of Charlotte Maxeke, the mother of black freedom in South Africa, is to be converted into a museum and interpretation centre, the Gauteng Provincial Government announced at an event to mark International Women's Day on Sunday.

Robert Sobukwe: South Africa's first non-racial Africanist

As South Africa marks Human Rights month, we pay tribute to one of South Africa's greatest but often forgotten heroes of the struggle for freedom.

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SA History Online

New ways of teaching history, new insight into South Africa's past. >
Go to South African History Online

National flag

Whatever shape our flag takes, it's instantly recognised by South Africans everywhere. >
South Africa's 
national flag

National anthem

Uniting two anthems, five languages and over 49-million people. >

National symbols

What's that image on your R5 coin? What does !ke e: /xarra //ke mean? (Whose language is that?) ...
South Africa's national symbols

Nelson Mandela

Find out more about one of the great moral and political leaders of our time. >
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Nelson Mandela page
South Africa's 
World Heritage sites

World heritage

Eight World Heritage sites: places of "outstanding value to humanity". >

experiences in South Africa

Heritage adventures

TFrom galleries to rock art centres, museums to cultural villages - discover our rich heritage for yourself. >

72 days that shaped South Africa

Just how "miraculous" was our transition to democracy? How close did we really come to civil war? Check out some press clippings of the 72 days leading up to SA's first democratic elections - and see how heavily the odds were stacked against "the rainbow nation". >