History and heritage

South Africa plans memorial to banished chieftainess

A burial and memorial site will honour late chieftainess Makwena Matlala in Limpopo. Matlala was the first woman banished by the apartheid government for being unco-operative regarding its policies. She was sent away in 1950 and was only allowed to return in 1965.

memorial to makwena matlala south africa, makwena matlala, anti-apartheid struggle, chieftainess, limpopo, helen joseph

South Africa honours female freedom fighters

As Women’s Month draws to a close, KwaZulu-Natal has unveiled plans for statues to be installed in the province over the next four months to honour three women who were involved in the fight against apartheid. They are Margaret Mncadi, Victoria Mxenge and Dorothy Nyembe.


South African PhD student describes new dinosaur

A Wits University student is one of the authors of a report published in Scientific Reports that describes a new dinosaur found on a Free State farm. Named Pulanesaurus eocollum, it was “relatively small” at 8m long and weighing 5 tons.


Threat to South African archeological treasure

A cave in KwaZulu-Natal, which carries evidence of humanity's first cultural exploits, is under threat as South Africa tries to find a balance between saving a precious heritage site and providing homes for the poor. Sibudu has been nominated for Unesco World Heritage status.


Pretoria revamps Solomon Mahlangu Freedom Square

The revamped Solomon Mahlangu Freedom Square in Mamelodi, Pretoria is testament to South Africa's struggle for freedom. Mahlangu's statue is now the focal point of the public space, with further enhancements planned for the area.

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SA History Online

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National flag

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South Africa's 
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National anthem

Uniting two anthems, five languages and over 49-million people. >

National symbols

What's that image on your R5 coin? What does !ke e: /xarra //ke mean? (Whose language is that?) ...
South Africa's national symbols

Nelson Mandela

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South Africa's 
World Heritage sites

World heritage

Eight World Heritage sites: places of "outstanding value to humanity". >

Cultural 
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Heritage adventures

TFrom galleries to rock art centres, museums to cultural villages - discover our rich heritage for yourself. >

72 days that shaped South Africa

Just how "miraculous" was our transition to democracy? How close did we really come to civil war? Check out some press clippings of the 72 days leading up to SA's first democratic elections - and see how heavily the odds were stacked against "the rainbow nation". >