History and heritage

Pretoria revamps Solomon Mahlangu Freedom Square

The revamped Solomon Mahlangu Freedom Square in Mamelodi, Pretoria is testament to South Africa's struggle for freedom. Mahlangu's statue is now the focal point of the public space, with further enhancements planned for the area.

Solomon Mahlangu Freedom Square  pretoria, tshwane, solomon mahlangu freedom square, solomon mahlangu, anti-apartheid activist, struggle icon

Telling South Africa's history at Freedom Park

Overlooking the capital and facing the Voortrekker Monument, Freedom Park on Salvokop outside Pretoria tells the story of the nation, from the beginning of time to democracy. It is a place of healing and reflection, and a tribute to ordinary heroes.


21 monuments for 21 years of freedom

As South Africa marks 21 years of freedom in April, the country finds itself deep in conversation about issues of heritage and history – much of it sparked by the removal of the statue of Rhodes from UCT's campus. But there are many other monuments that pay homage to those who fought against oppression. Here is our list of 21 unforgettable heroes.


South Africa remembers Chris Hani

The grave of Chris Hani, the assassinated leader of the South African Communist Party and chief of staff of Umkhonto we Sizwe‚ the armed wing of the African National Congress‚ is to be declared a heritage site as South Africa commemorates the 22nd anniversary of his death.


Eastern Cape at centre of Human Rights Month programme

The main official observance of Human Rights Month will take place in Eastern Cape, to mark the 30th anniversary of the Uitenhage Massacre. The theme this year is "Celebrating the Freedom Charter, Enjoying Equal Human Rights for All".

More stories ...

Select from:

SA History Online

New ways of teaching history, new insight into South Africa's past. >
Go to South African History Online

National flag

Whatever shape our flag takes, it's instantly recognised by South Africans everywhere. >
South Africa's 
national flag

National anthem

Uniting two anthems, five languages and over 49-million people. >

National symbols

What's that image on your R5 coin? What does !ke e: /xarra //ke mean? (Whose language is that?) ...
South Africa's national symbols

Nelson Mandela

Find out more about one of the great moral and political leaders of our time. >
Go to the 
Nelson Mandela page
South Africa's 
World Heritage sites

World heritage

Eight World Heritage sites: places of "outstanding value to humanity". >

Cultural 
experiences in South Africa

Heritage adventures

TFrom galleries to rock art centres, museums to cultural villages - discover our rich heritage for yourself. >

72 days that shaped South Africa

Just how "miraculous" was our transition to democracy? How close did we really come to civil war? Check out some press clippings of the 72 days leading up to SA's first democratic elections - and see how heavily the odds were stacked against "the rainbow nation". >