Q&A with Fruit South Africa on new SA-China agreement
15 November 2016
South African farmers and cooperatives will export more of their fruit harvest
after the signing of a memorandum of understanding (MOU) between the South
African government and the People's Republic of China earlier this month.
The MOU was signed in Beijing, China, by Willem Bestbier, vice-chairperson of
Fruit South Africa (Fruit SA) and his counterpart, Wang Xin, vice-chairperson of the
Chinese Quarantine and Inspection Association (CIQA) on 1 November 2016.
South Africa's fruit exporters are mainly from the Western Cape, Eastern
Cape and Mpumalanga provinces. (Image: Brand South Africa)
For now negotiations are underway to increase market access for South African
pears. Avocados and other fruit will be considered in the next round of negotiations.
Last year China
imported 3.8-million tons of fruit, of which 110 000 tons were
from South Africa. The Chinese fruit market is valued at US$ 5-billion (about R71-
billion), and within 5 years South Africa’s access will be one and half times greater.
Dr Konanani Liphadzi, chief executive officer of Fruit SA shares insights on the
impact of the MOU on agriculture in South Africa.
Dr Konanani Liphadzi is chief executive officer of Fruit SA. She says the fruit
industry will increase job creation because of the new agreement between China
and South Africa relating to exports. (Image: HORTGRO)
Dr Liphadzi, what does this new agreement with China mean for South
Liphadzi: In regards to the new MOU, this means the initiative is broadening
market access. Secondly, we could share technical
information like quarantine
issues and also assist them with information needed. It goes both ways.
We also have a partner on the ground in China, who can share things like policy
This partnership builds on the foundation we already have with China.
Lastly, there will be a lot of job creation, from hand pickers in South Africa to
people doing packaging that will be hired, because of increased demand.
What fruit do we export to China?
KL: The three main produce we supply to the Chinese market are apples, citrus
and table grapes.
How many fruit suppliers in South Africa currently export to China?
KL: Currently there are 12 companies that supply to China.
How many people are employed currently within the fruit industry?
KL: Currently 50% of our fruit produce are being exported. This is to 87
countries worldwide, with China being one of them. Overall 2.7-million tons fruit are
exported globally, and 110 000 of it go to China. That is 300 000 jobs locally in the
fruit industry, that's along the value chain, from the farm to where it ends with the
Tell us about the South African exporters.
KL: The 12 companies include the following:
- We have companies that buy fruit from the farmers;
- Other produce their own fruit and buy from different farmers;
- Lastly, we have cooperatives, a group working together producing fruit.
Then they have a marketing company advertising for them.
The exporters are mainly from the Western Cape, Eastern Cape and
The major producers come from the Western Cape, because it has a unique
Are any of the fruit sent to China being genetically modified?
KL: We don't produce genetically modified fruit in South Africa.
How can an entrepreneur or any other farmer(s) get their
KL: There is room for new exporters, especially in terms of transformation. The
Fresh Produce Exporters' forum is an association for developing new entries within
the export market. It is a challenging process to get into exports, because it is not
an easy industry.
Anyone interested in exports, can contact me.
Will China export any of their fruit to South Africa?
KL: They also want to send fruit. We are counter season to them. So, when we
are harvesting, they have winter there. Selling fruit to them won't be a major issue.
Our department of agriculture is considering citrus from them. We are not
competing with them.
Is there anything you would like to add?
KL: In regards to the new MOU, this means the initiative is broadening market
This is in line with what our country's National Development Plan 2030 wants to
achieve. We have identified a commodity, are increasing volumes
to create jobs,
and are opening the a market for our produce.
We appreciate the effort of the government to open the market, and that they
are creating a good relationship with the Chinese government.
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